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Entrance Test Prep

Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) is a scholarship program conducted to attract exceptionally talented and highly motivated students by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. This program is basically for encouraging students to take up research careers in the areas of basic sciences, engineering and medicine. It offers scholarship and contingency grants up to the pre-Ph.D. level to selected students. This program is funded by DST, GOI.

Students studying in class XI to 1st year in undergraduate science like B.Sc./B.S./B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S. in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology can appear for aptitude for scientific research. Aptitude test is conducted at various places in the country. Special groups / committees as set up by Indian Institute of Science (IISC) looks after the process of selection. There are three distinct streams SA, SB and SX.

  • SA can be written by students studying Science stream in class 11
  • SX can be written by students studying Science stream in class 12
  • SB can be written by students studying Science stream in first year of graduation

Candidates are short listed based on the performance in the aptitude test, and interview. For obtaining a fellowship, both aptitude test and interview marks are considered. The merit list is based on 75% weightage for Aptitude Test marks and 25% weight-age for the interview marks. For more information please visit the Website of the organization.

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The National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) is a National Level examination conducted by official body of NCERT in which scholarship is offered to the selected talented students. A monthly scholarship as financial assistance is offered for the entire Academic Career of the students. Students studying in Class X are eligible to appear for the selection process. This exam is a part of coveted exam which is widely accepted as a prestigious examination. For more details of NTSE, students can visit Website.

This covet exam consist of two levels in which test of Mental Ability (MAT) and Scholastic Ability Test (SAT) is conducted. Quota for State/UT wise students are allocated proportionally on the basis of students enrolment.

First level exam for class X
SAT: The syllabus for Mathematics, Science and Social Science is broadly based on the prescribed respective State Board Syllabus from Std 9th to 10th class. Few states like Kerala refer both state board and NCERT books while few states like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh ask questions primarily from their state board books. MAT: General questions Language: state board books cover a lot. More focus is on vocabulary, grammar and basic understanding. Language in first stage is of qualifying nature only.

Second level exam for class X
NCERT has announced new pattern for stage 2 exam, where each correctly answered question awards the student +1, while an incorrect answer deducts 1/3 marks. This part consists of mental Ability Test, Language Test in which 50 Questions are asked carrying 1 mark each. Scholastic Aptitude test contains: 100 questions comprising of (40 from Science, 20 from maths, 40 from SST), carrying 1 mark each. SAT: The mathematics, science and social questions will be asked from the chapters in the syllabus of class 9 and 10. Language test is only for qualification, it is not counted in merit list.

Sainik/Military School

Admission in Sainik School which is fully residential is open for the students in class VI and IX. Students seeking admission in Class VI should be 10-11 years of age and for class IX they should be aged 13-14 years as on 01 July in the year in which they seek admission. All Indian Sainik Schools Entrance Examination is held by 10th of January every year.

These schools offer a common curriculum and are affiliated to the CBSE, New Delhi. While developing a wholesome personality of the boys so that they are fit for the NDA, the schools also prepare boys for class-X and XII examination of the CBSE as well as UPSC exam for the NDA.

The medium of instruction is English even though English is not a pre-requisite for admission. Since these schools prepare boys for NDA in the +2 stage only the Science stream is offered. Besides academic excellence the students are encouraged to develop creative faculties through co-curricular activities and socially useful work. They are systematically introduced to all major games and given compulsory NCC training upto class-XI.

Syllabus for entrance Test
For admission in class VI, subjects comprising of Mathematics, Language and Intelligence all containing 100 questions carrying 1 mark each totalling 300 Marks. Whereas, for admission in class IX, subjects comprising of Mathematics (200 q), Science (75 q), English(100 q), and Social Science(75 q) totalling 450 Marks. Interview and medical examination is conducted afterwards.

Jobs Opportunities after 12th

In the world of uncertainties and demand for government jobs for securing career at early age is on grow now. There are many job opportunities that are available after becoming graduates. However, certain good jobs are also offered for the pass outs of 10+2 students. Out of numerous jobs, tests for two jobs are conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) i.e. National Defence Academy (NDA) and Special Class Railways Apprentice (SCRA) which are centrally attractive by the students. Other key jobs providers to the aspirants of 10+2 levels are Staff Selection Commission (SSC), Indian Railways and Indian Defence Forces like Indian Air Force (IAF), Indian Army and Indian Navy.

Here we provide certain information about nature of jobs, selection process, examination pattern, core subjects etc. Information provided here is indicative in nature and not exhaustive and likely to vary. One is advised to refer original source of information i.e. respective organizations website.

National Defence Academy (NDA)

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) held NDA and Naval Academy Entrance examinations twice in a year. They held this exam to recruit staff in Indian Army, Air Force and Navy. This exam is a gateway to a bright future in the armed forces and most adoptable by the youth. Notification regarding exam appears in all major and leading national news paper dailies in the month of December-January for the April Exam and in the months of April-May for the August Exam. Candidates shall apply, online on the UPSC website.


Students who are +2 qualified or studying can apply. Maths and Physics are compulsory for Air force and Navy. Commerce (With Maths or without Maths) and Arts (With Maths or without Maths) students can apply for army.
Age & Gender Candidates must be between 16 ½ to 19 years of age on the date of joining the NDA. Only male candidates are eligible. Women cannot apply for the NDA written exam.


The NDA written exam consists of two papers. Both papers are held on the same day and each paper is of 2 ½ hrs each.

Paper-1:Mathematics- 300 Marks

Main Topics: Algebra, Matrices and Determinants, Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions, Integral Calculus and Differential Equations, Statics and Probability (see below for full syllabus)

Paper-2 It consists of two parts i.e. Part A and Part B.
PART A : English

PART B : General Knowledge

Section A - Physics

  • Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
  • Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
  • Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.
  • Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments.
  • Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye.
  • Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
  • Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
  • General Principles in the working of the following :
  • Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

Section B - Chemistry
  • Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
  • Acids, bases and salts.
  • Carbon - different forms
  • Fertilizers - Natural and Artificial
  • Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder.
  • Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section C - General Science
  • Difference between the living and non- living.
  • Basis of Life - Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
  • Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs.
  • Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
  • Food - Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
  • The Solar System - Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
  • Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
Section D - History
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
  • Freedom Movement in India.
  • Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration.
  • Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
  • Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
Section E - Geography
  • The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
  • Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering - Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • Ocean Currents and Tides
  • Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World.
  • Regional Geography of India - Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
  • Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
Section F - Current Events
  • Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
  • Current important world events.
  • Prominent personalities - both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

UPSC declares the result of NDA written exam in 3-4 months after the written exam. The same can be viewed on the UPSC website. Being a competitive exam and there is no fixed cut off percentage for passing. Candidates who perform better are sent the call letters for SSB interviews. The final merit list is prepared after the SSB interviews final result and displayed on the UPSC website. Joining instructions are sent to students based on vacancies available as per the merit list.

Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA)

Union Public Service Commission UPSC conducts an examination for selection of candidates for appointment as Special Class Apprentices in Mechanical Dept of Indian Railways. The approximate number of vacancies, to be filled on the results of the examination is 42. Examination notification is notified in the leading newspaper including employments news during the month of October & November of the year.

Eligibility Criteria
Age Limits: A candidate must have attained the age of 17 years and must not have attained the age of 21 years on 01st January of the year. The upper age limit is relax able as per governments norms.

For admission to the examination a candidate must have passed in the first or second division, the intermediate or an equivalent examination of a university or board approved by the Govt. of India with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination; or Graduates with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects may also apply; or must have passed in the first or second division, the Higher Secondary (12 years) Examination under 10 plus 2 pattern of School Education with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination; or must have passed the first year examination under the three year degree course of a university or the first examination of the three year diploma course in Rural Service of the National Council for Rural Higher Education or the third year examination for promotion to the 4th year of the four year B.A./B.Sc (evening college) course of the Madras University with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination provided that before joining the degree/ diploma course he/she passed the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or equivalent examination in the first or second division Candidates who have passed the first/second year examination under the three year degree course in the first or second division with Mathematics and either Physics or Chemistry as subjects of the examination may also apply; provided the first/ second year examination is conducted by a University; or must have passed in the first or second division the Pre-Engineering Examination of a university, approved by the Govt of India; or must have passed in the first or second division the Pre-Professional/Pre-Technological Examination of any Indian University or a recognised Board, with Mathematics and at least, one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination conducted one year after the Higher Secondary or Pre-University stage; or must have passed the first year examination under the five year

How to Apply

Candidates may apply Online by using the website of UPSC (www.upsconline.nic.in). Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the website


  • NDA & Naval Academy Exams For Admissions to the Army, Navy and The Air Force Wings after 10+2
  • Technical Entry Scheme in defense forces for men after 10+2 (with PCM)
  • Exam for recruitment of Junior Commissioned Officers (Catering) after 10+2 (1 Yr cookery diploma/certificate from recognized craft institute essential)

Exams for recruitment of Soldiers:
  • General Duty: 10+2
  • Technical
  • Nursing Assistant: 10+2(with Biology)
  • Clerical: SSC with English, Maths & Science
  • Exam for recruitment as Lady Constable after SSC
  • Exam for recruitment as Sailors in Indian Navy
  • Exam for Cadet Entry scheme after 10+2 in Indian Navy
  • Exam for recruitment to Matric entry for trades in Seamen, Engineering/ Electrical, Medical and Logistics
  • Exam for recruitment as Artificer Apprentice in Indian Navy for Matric
  • IIT-JEE exam for with separate applications to the Directorate General of Shipping for admission to Marine Engineering and Research Institute (Merchant Navy)
  • Exam for recruitment of apprentices (civilian) for after SSC
  • Exam for recruitment of Naviks in the Indian Coast Guard after SSC
  • Exam for recruitment of Airmen Technical & Non-Technical Trades After SSC
  • Exam for recruitment of Driver Mechanical Transport Trade after SSC
  • Exam for recruitment of Sub Inspector (Stenographer) and Asst. Sub Inspector (Ministerial) in CRPF after 10+2
  • Exam for recruitment of Sub Inspector (Clerk) in CRPF after 10+2
  • Exam for recruitment of Asst. Sub Inspector (Clerk) in BSF after 10+2
  • Exams for recruitment in banks after 10/10+2 & above
  • Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination after 10+2 in Science
  • Exams for recruitment in Railways to the non technical cadre after 10/10+2
  • Exams for teaching jobs in Railways after 10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for jobs in Medical cadre jobs in Railways after 10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for recruitment in Railways to the technical cadre after 10/10+2 (with ITI/ Diploma in Engineering/ Degree and other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for Personal Assistant Grade in the Intelligence Bureau after 10/10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for jobs in Life Insurance Corporation after 10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for recruitment Junior Assistants through Staff Selection Commission after 10+2 (Science) and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for recruitment of Sorter and Group Staff after 10/10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)
  • Exams for recruitment of lower division clerks at I.C.A.R. after 10+2 and above (with other essential qualifications)